Nestled in the breathtaking Andes Mountains of Peru, Arequipa stands as a testament to the country’s rich cultural and historical heritage. Known as the “White City” due to its stunning architecture crafted from a local volcanic stone called sillar, Arequipa offers a unique blend of colonial charm, awe-inspiring landscapes, and vibrant traditions. If you’re planning a visit to this enchanting destination, here are some valuable tips to ensure you make the most of your time in Arequipa.

  1. Altitude Preparation: Arequipa sits at a higher elevation, around 2,328 meters (7,638 feet) above sea level. To avoid altitude sickness, it’s advisable to spend a day acclimating in Arequipa before heading to higher altitudes like Colca Canyon or Chivay. Stay hydrated, take it easy during your first day, and consider chewing coca leaves, a traditional remedy.
  2. Explore the Historic Center: The heart of Arequipa is its UNESCO-listed historic center, where you’ll find impressive colonial architecture, including the iconic Santa Catalina Monastery. Take a leisurely stroll through the Plaza de Armas, surrounded by stunning buildings and the imposing Cathedral. Don’t forget to visit the San Camilo Market, a vibrant hub of local flavors and crafts.
  3. Culinary Delights: Arequipa is renowned for its delicious cuisine, featuring unique dishes like rocoto relleno (stuffed spicy peppers) and the mouthwatering local specialty, adobo. Explore the city’s diverse culinary scene by trying these dishes in traditional picanterías or upscale restaurants. Be sure to also indulge in the refreshing local drink, chicha morada.
  4. Day Trip to Colca Canyon: Just a few hours from Arequipa, Colca Canyon is one of the world’s deepest canyons, boasting stunning landscapes and the opportunity to spot Andean condors in flight. Consider taking a guided tour or driving to viewpoints like Cruz del Condor for an unforgettable experience.
  5. Pack Accordingly: Arequipa’s climate can vary, so it’s essential to pack layers. While days can be warm and sunny, evenings can be cool, especially at higher altitudes. Include a hat, sunscreen, comfortable walking shoes, and a reusable water bottle in your packing list.
  6. Local Etiquette: Embrace the local customs and show respect for the rich culture of Arequipa. Learn a few basic Spanish phrases, greet locals with a friendly “buenos días,” and be open to trying new things. Engaging with the local community will enhance your overall travel experience.
  7. Transportation: Getting around Arequipa is relatively easy, with taxis and public transportation readily available. If you plan to explore further, consider renting a car or hiring a guide for trips to nearby attractions.


Arequipa’s allure lies in its unique blend of history, culture, and natural beauty. By following these tips, you’ll be well-equipped to navigate the “White City” and create lasting memories in this captivating corner of Peru. Whether you’re exploring historic landmarks, savoring local delicacies, or marveling at the scenic landscapes, Arequipa promises an unforgettable journey for every traveler.

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