Nestled in the highlands of southern Peru, Arequipa, also known as the “White City,” is a destination that seamlessly blends colonial charm, breathtaking landscapes, and vibrant cultural experiences. With its rich history, stunning architecture, and proximity to natural wonders like Colca Canyon, Arequipa beckons travelers seeking an authentic Peruvian experience. In this comprehensive travel guide, we’ll explore the must-see attractions, culinary delights, and practical tips to ensure your visit to Arequipa is nothing short of extraordinary.

1. Getting Acquainted with Arequipa

Overview of Arequipa’s history and significance:

Arequipa boasts a rich history that dates back to the Inca Empire. Founded in 1540 by Spanish conquistadors, the city features a harmonious blend of indigenous and colonial influences. Its strategic location, surrounded by three impressive volcanoes—Misti, Chachani, and Pichu Pichu—adds to its allure.

Understanding the city’s nickname, the “White City”:

The moniker “White City” stems from the extensive use of sillar, a white volcanic rock, in the construction of many buildings. This gives the city its distinctive appearance and a sense of unity in architectural style.

Getting there: Transportation options and logistics:

Travelers can reach Arequipa by air through Rodríguez Ballón International Airport, offering domestic and international flights. Alternatively, long-distance buses and road trips provide scenic journeys into the heart of the Andes.

2. Exploring the Historic Center

Plaza de Armas: The heart of Arequipa:

This central square is surrounded by architectural marvels, including the Basilica Cathedral of Arequipa and the portals that lead to the city’s historic districts. The plaza is a vibrant hub where locals and visitors gather, especially during cultural events and festivals.

Santa Catalina Monastery: A city within a city:

This well-preserved 16th-century monastery is a maze of cobblestone streets, vibrant facades, and peaceful courtyards. It offers a fascinating glimpse into Arequipa’s religious history and the lives of the nuns who once resided there.

Basilica Cathedral of Arequipa: A masterpiece of colonial architecture:

Constructed with sillar, the cathedral is a prime example of Spanish colonial architecture. Visitors can explore its ornate chapels, altars, and religious artifacts while learning about its historical significance.

San Camilo Market: A sensory journey into local flavors:

This bustling market is a sensory delight, with stalls offering a kaleidoscope of fresh produce, local spices, and traditional Peruvian dishes. It’s an excellent place to experience the city’s culinary diversity.

3. Culinary Delights

Must-try dishes: Rocoto relleno, adobo, and more:

Arequipa is a culinary hotspot, known for its spicy rocoto peppers and flavorful adobo dishes. Try these local specialties in picanterías, traditional eateries that serve authentic Arequipeño cuisine.

Picanterías: Traditional eateries offering local specialties:

Picanterías provide an immersive culinary experience. These establishments, often family-run, serve up traditional dishes in a warm and welcoming atmosphere, allowing visitors to savor the true flavors of Arequipa.

Exploring the culinary scene in Arequipa’s neighborhoods:

Venture beyond the tourist areas to discover hidden culinary gems in neighborhoods like Yanahuara and Cayma. These districts offer a more local and authentic taste of Arequipeño cuisine.

4. Day Trips and Outdoor Adventures

Colca Canyon: A natural wonder and habitat for Andean condors:

Colca Canyon, one of the world’s deepest canyons, is a short journey from Arequipa. Take a guided tour to witness breathtaking landscapes, ancient terraced fields, and the majestic flight of Andean condors.

Salinas de Agua Blanca: Traditional salt production in the Andes:

A day trip to Salinas de Agua Blanca provides a unique opportunity to witness traditional salt extraction methods, engage with the local community, and enjoy scenic hiking trails surrounded by stunning Andean landscapes.

Hiking and trekking options in the surrounding mountains:

Arequipa’s surroundings offer numerous hiking and trekking opportunities for outdoor enthusiasts. Whether exploring the Misti volcano or trekking through the Andes, the region provides unforgettable experiences for all levels of adventurers.

5. Practical Tips for a Seamless Visit

Altitude preparation and acclimatization:

Given Arequipa’s elevation, it’s essential to acclimate gradually. Spend the first day exploring the city before venturing to higher altitudes like Colca Canyon.

Packing essentials for Arequipa’s diverse climate:

Pack layers to accommodate the fluctuating temperatures. Include a hat, sunscreen, and comfortable walking shoes for exploring the city and its natural surroundings.

Transportation within the city and to nearby attractions:

Arequipa has a reliable transportation system, including taxis and public buses. Consider renting a car or hiring a guide for day trips to maximize your flexibility.

Cultural etiquette and engaging with the local community:

Learn a few basic Spanish phrases to enhance your interactions with locals. Greet people with a friendly “buenos días” and be open to experiencing the local customs and traditions.

6. Accommodation Options

A range of accommodations from boutique hotels to budget-friendly hostels:

Arequipa offers diverse accommodation options, from charming boutique hotels in the historic center to budget-friendly hostels catering to the needs of every traveler.

Recommendations for staying in the historic center versus other neighborhoods:

Staying in the historic center provides easy access to key attractions, while other neighborhoods offer a more tranquil experience. Choose accommodations based on your preferences and travel style.

7. Safety and Health Considerations

Altitude sickness prevention and remedies:

Stay hydrated, avoid excessive physical exertion upon arrival, and consider chewing coca leaves to alleviate symptoms of altitude sickness.

General safety tips for exploring Arequipa:

Arequipa is generally a safe destination, but it’s essential to practice standard safety precautions. Keep valuables secure, be aware of your surroundings, and use reliable transportation.

Healthcare facilities and services available for travelers:

Familiarize yourself with local healthcare facilities and services, including the location of pharmacies and medical centers, to ensure a smooth and safe journey.

8. Souvenirs and Local Handicrafts

Where to find authentic Peruvian crafts and souvenirs:

Explore markets like San Camilo and the artisan markets in Yanahuara for authentic Peruvian crafts, including textiles, pottery, and handmade jewelry.

Supporting local artisans and markets:

When purchasing souvenirs, prioritize buying directly from local artisans to support the community and contribute to sustainable tourism.


Arequipa, with its rich history, captivating architecture, and diverse landscapes, promises an unforgettable travel experience. By exploring its historic center, savoring local flavors, embarking on day trips, and embracing the local culture, visitors can immerse themselves in the unique charm of Peru’s “White City.” Whether you’re a history buff, a food enthusiast, or an adventure seeker, Arequipa invites you to discover the beauty of its past and present, creating memories that will last a lifetime.

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